Detox for Painkiller Addiction
Drug detoxification is the rehabilitation of a drug addict. When a drug addict wants to undergo the rehabilitation process, he or she needs to go through three main stages, these include, evaluation stage, stabilization stage and guiding a patient into treatment. Once a patient is taken to a rehabilitation center, he or she is evaluated, in this stage, doctors assess the patient to look for potential co-occurring disorders, dual diagnosis, and mental/behavioral issues as well as checking for specific substances that are presently circulating in their bloodstream and the amount. The next step is stabilization which can be performed using a medicine or not. In the last stage, the patient is guided through the treatment process.
Painkiller are mostly used by people when they are in pain to lower the pain as they wait to receive proper treatment. The factor that makes the painkiller to reduce pain is their interaction with opioid receptors in the brain results in a down-modification of the sensations of pain. It is believed that a significant number of people are continuingly using the painkiller and a large number are addicted to them. Suppose that you abuse prescription painkillers or has tried to quit using thee painkillers, then you need immediate treatment. However, it is essential to note that managing opioid withdrawal can be a difficult process since the symptoms may have the potential to be overwhelmingly uncomfortable and can trigger a relapse. Once one has become an addict; they may feel the need to use the drug every time to feel better. When physical dependency on opioid painkillers has set in, a withdrawal syndrome is frequently experienced when the use of the drugs stops. However, the harshness of withdrawal symptoms will depend on the person, as well as the frequency and severity of abuse.
The withdrawal symptoms can manifest in early and late stage. An addict may feel the following early withdrawal signs, these include insomnia, yawning, muscle aches, agitation, anxiety, and sweating. In the late stage of painkiller withdrawal, addicts may feel the following signs and symptoms including vomiting, nausea, dilated pupils, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping.
Medics do recommend the use of the following medicines in the painkiller detoxification process, these include Naloxone, Naltrexone , Buprenorphine , and Methadone. Methadone for instance is administered through injection or orally, it is vital since it activates the brain’s opioid receptors, on the other hand buprenorphine only partially activates the brain’s opioid receptors and it is as well taken orally or sublingually.
Other than medication therapies, patients can also be taken through behavioral therapies that address the users incentive to start and continue using substances. The choice of the type of treatment to use in the detoxification process depends on the patient preference, the treatment center type as well as the treatment center philosophy.